What Will I Read?

Student reading a book on a bench

At the core of the Program of Liberal Studies are the six Great Books Seminars that begin in ancient Greece and end in mid-twentieth century America. Along the way, students and faculty read a range of texts from various disciplines and geographies that have been chosen for their depth of insight into human lives and societies, their moral and aesthetic value, and their historical influence. Such a collection of texts could never be exhaustive or finally closed. Rather, the Seminar lists provide a foundation for further reading and reflection, guided by the conviction that the wisdom of the past is an essential resource for confronting the present and building a better future.

  • The Oresteia

    The Oresteia

    Aeschylus

    c. 458 BCE

    The Oresteia

    • Author: Aeschylus
    • Year Written: c. 458 BCE
    • Publisher: U California
    • ISBN: 9780520282100
    • trans. Hugh Lloyd-Jones

      The most famous series of ancient Greek plays, and the only surviving trilogy, is the Oresteia of Aeschylus, consisting of Agamemnon, Choephoroe, and Eumenides. These three plays recount the murder of Agamemnon by his queen Clytemnestra on his return from Troy with the captive Trojan princess Cassandra; the murder in turn of Clytemnestra by their son Orestes; and Orestes' subsequent pursuit by the Avenging Furies (Eumenides) and eventual absolution.

      Hugh Lloyd-Jones's informative notes elucidate the text, and introductions to each play set the trilogy against the background of Greek religion as a whole and Greek tragedy in particular, providing a balanced assessment of Aeschylus's dramatic art.

      This superior translation should be read by every student of Greek civilization, classical literature, and drama.

  • Dante Inferno

    Inferno

    Dante Alighieri

    c. 1308-1320 CE

    Inferno

    • Author: Dante Alighieri
    • Year Written: c. 1308-1320 CE
    • Publisher: Bantam
    • ISBN: 9780553213393
    • ["1321", " trans. Mandelbaum"]

      In this superb translation with an introduction and commentary by Allen Mandelbaum, all of Dante’s vivid images–the earthly, sublime, intellectual, demonic, ecstatic–are rendered with marvelous clarity to read like the words of a poet born in our own age.

  • Dante Purgatorio

    Purgatorio

    Dante Alighieri

    c. 1308-1320 CE

    Purgatorio

    • Author: Dante Alighieri
    • Year Written: c. 1308-1320 CE
    • Publisher: Bantam
    • ISBN: 9780553213447
    • trans. Mandelbaum

      This splendid verse translation by Allen Mandelbaum provides an entirely fresh experience of Dante’s great poem of penance and hope. As Dante ascends the Mount of Purgatory toward the Earthly Paradise and his beloved Beatrice, through "that second kingdom in which the human soul is cleansed of sin," all the passion and suffering, poetry and philosophy are rendered with the immediacy of a poet of our own age. With extensive notes and commentary prepared especially for this edition.

  • Dante Paradiso

    Paradiso

    Dante Alighieri

    c. 1308-1320 CE

    Paradiso

    • Author: Dante Alighieri
    • Year Written: c. 1308-1320 CE
    • Publisher: Bantam
    • ISBN: 9780553212044
    • trans. Mandelbaum

      This brilliant new verse translation by Allen Mandelbaum captures the consummate beauty of the third and last part of Dante’s Divine Comedy. The Paradiso is a luminous poem of love and light, of optics, angelology, polemics, prayer, prophecy, and transcendent experience. As Dante ascends to the Celestial Rose, in the tenth and final heaven, all the spectacle and splendor of a great poet’s vision now becomes accessible to the modern reader in this highly acclaimed, superb dual language edition. With extensive notes and commentary.

  • St. Anselm's Proslogion

    Proslogion

    Anselm of Canterbury

    1077-78

    Proslogion

    • Author: Anselm of Canterbury
    • Year Written: 1077-78
    • Publisher: Notre Dame
    • ISBN: 9780268016975
    • trans. Charlesworth

      In the Proslogion, St. Anselm presents a philosophical argument for the existence of God. Anselm's proof, known since the time of Kant as the ontological argument for the existence of God, has played an important role in the history of philosophy and has been incorporated in various forms into the systems of Descartes, Leibniz, Hegel, and others. Included in this edition of the Proslogion are Gaunilo's "A Reply on Behalf of the Fool" and St. Anselm's "The Author's Reply to Gaunilo."  All three works are in the original Latin with English translation on facing pages. Professor Charlesworth's introduction provides a helpful discussion of the context of the Proslogion in the theological tradition and in Anselm's own thought and writing.
       

  • St

    Treatise on Law (Summa Theologiae)

    Thomas Aquinas

    c. 1265-1273 CE

    Treatise on Law (Summa Theologiae)

    • Author: Thomas Aquinas
    • Year Written: c. 1265-1273 CE
    • Publisher: Gateway
    • ISBN: 9780895267054
    • Summa Theologiae [1272], 2.1, trans. Parry

      St. Thomas's Summa theologiae is often compared to a medieval cathedral because of its sublime construction both as a work of logic and literary architecture. Here is a mere tip of one of the spires, summarizing the great Saint's views on the nature and structure of law. Believing that law achieves its results by imposing moral obligations rather than outright force, St. Thomas defines the Christian view of liberty.

       

  • Lysistrata

    Lysistrata

    Aristophanes

    411 BCE

    Lysistrata

    • Author: Aristophanes
    • Year Written: 411 BCE
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN:  9780872206038
    • trans. Ruden

      Aristophanes was born, probably in Athens, c. 449 BC, and died between 386 and 380 BC. Little is known about his life, but there is a portrait of him in Plato's Symposium. He was twice threatened with prosecution in the 420s for his outspoken attacks on the prominent politician Cleon, but in 405 he was publicly honored and crowned for promoting Athenian civic unity in The Frogs. Aristophanes had his first comedy produced when he was about twenty-one, and wrote forty plays in all. The eleven surviving plays of Aristophanes are published in the Penguin Classics series as The Birds and Other Plays, Lysistrata and Other Plays, and The Wasps/The Poet and the Women/The Frogs.

  • Basic Works Of Aristotle

    Poetics

    Aristotle

    c. 335 BCE

    Poetics

    • Author: Aristotle
    • Year Written: c. 335 BCE
    • Publisher: Random House
    • ISBN: 9780375757990
    • Edited by Richard McKeon, with an introduction by C.D.C. Reeve
       
      Preserved by Arabic mathematicians and canonized by Christian scholars, Aristotle’s works have shaped Western thought, science, and religion for nearly two thousand years. Richard McKeon’s The Basic Works of Aristotle—constituted out of the definitive Oxford translation and in print as a Random House hardcover for sixty years—has long been considered the best available one-volume Aristotle. Appearing in paperback at long last, this edition includes selections from the Organon, On the Heavens, The Short Physical Treatises, Rhetoric, among others, and On the Soul, On Generation and Corruption, Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, and Poetics in their entirety.

  • St Augustine City of God

    The City of God

    Augustine of Hippo

    426 CE

    The City of God

    • Author: Augustine of Hippo
    • Year Written: 426 CE
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780140448948
    • trans. Bettenson

      St Augustine, bishop of Hippo, was one of the central figures in the history of Christianity, and City of God is one of his greatest theological works. Written as an eloquent defence of the faith at a time when the Roman Empire was on the brink of collapse, it examines the ancient pagan religions of Rome, the arguments of the Greek philosophers and the revelations of the Bible. Pointing the way forward to a citizenship that transcends the best political experiences of the world and offers citizenship that will last for eternity, City of God is one of the most influential documents in the development of Christianity.

       

  • St Augustine Confessions

    Confessions

    Augustine of Hippo

    397-400 CE

    Confessions

    • Author: Augustine of Hippo
    • Year Written: 397-400 CE
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9780872208162
    • trans. Sheed

      Like the first Hackett edition of the Augustine's Confessions, the second edition features F. J. Sheed's remarkable translation of this classic spiritual autobiography with an Introduction by noted historian of late antiquity Peter Brown. New to this edition are a wealth of notes on literary, philosophical, biblical, historical, and liturgical topics by Michael P. Foley, an Editor's Preface, a map, a timeline, paragraph numbers in the text, a glossary, and a thorough index. The text itself has been completely reset, with textual and explanatory notes placed at the foot of the page for easy reference.

  • Austen Pride Prejudice

    Pride and Prejudice

    Jane Austen

    1813

    Pride and Prejudice

    • Author: Jane Austen
    • Year Written: 1813
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780141439518
    • Austen's most popular novel, the unforgettable story of Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy. Nominated as one of America's best-loved novels by PBS's The Great American Read

      Few have failed to be charmed by the witty and independent spirit of Elizabeth Bennet in Austen's beloved classic Pride and Prejudice. When Elizabeth Bennet first meets eligible bachelor Fitzwilliam Darcy, she thinks him arrogant and conceited; he is indifferent to her good looks and lively mind. When she later discovers that Darcy has involved himself in the troubled relationship between his friend Bingley and her beloved sister Jane, she is determined to dislike him more than ever. In the sparkling comedy of manners that follows, Jane Austen shows us the folly of judging by first impressions and superbly evokes the friendships, gossip and snobberies of provincial middle-class life. This Penguin Classics edition, based on Austen's first edition, contains the original Penguin Classics introduction by Tony Tanner and an updated introduction and notes by Viven Jones.

  • Bacon Selected Philosophical Works

    The New Organon

    Francis Bacon

    1620

    The New Organon

    • Author: Francis Bacon
    • Year Written: 1620
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9780872204706
    • Selected Philosophical Works

      The most comprehensive collection available in paperback of Bacon's philosophical and scientific writings, this volume offers Bacon's major works in their entirety, or in substantive selections, revised from the classic 19th century editions of Spedding, Ellis, and Heath. Selections from some of Bacon's natural histories round out this edition by showing the types of compilations that he believed would most contribute to the third part of his Great Instauration.

      Each work has a separate brief introduction indicating the major themes developed. In her general Introduction, Sargent gives a biographical sketch of Bacon's early life, education, and legal career, discusses the major components of his philosophical project, and traces his influence on subsequent natural philosophy. In addition, she looks at the primarily negative evaluations of Bacon's methodological writings by philosophers of science in the first half of the twentieth century, the reassessments of his works that took place as the influence of logical empiricism declined, and the current revival of interest in Bacon that coincides with the focus on experimental practice today.
       

  • The Journey of the Mind to God

    • Author: Bonaventure
    • Year Written: 1259
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9780872202009
    • The Hackett edition of this classic of medieval philosophy and mysticism—a plan of pilgrimage for the learned Franciscan wishing to reach the apex of the mystical experience—combines the highly regarded Boehner translation with a new introduction by Stephen Brown focusing on St. Francis as a model of the contemplative life, the meaning of the Itinerarium, its place in Bonaventure’s mystical theology, and the plan of the work. Boehner’s Latin Notes, as well as Latin texts from other works of Bonaventure included in the Franciscan Institute Edition, are rendered here in English, making this the edition of choice for the beginning student.

  • Cervantes Don Quixote

    Don Quixote (Parts I & II)

    Miguel de Cervantes

    1612; 1620

    Don Quixote (Parts I & II)

    • Author: Miguel de Cervantes
    • Year Written: 1612; 1620
    • Publisher: Ecco Press
    • ISBN: 9780060934347
    • trans. Grossman

      Nominated as one of America's best-loved novels by PBS's The Great American Read

      Edith Grossman's definitive English translation of the Spanish masterpiece, in an expanded P.S. edition

      Widely regarded as one of the funniest and most tragic books ever written, Don Quixote chronicles the adventures of the self-created knight-errant Don Quixote of La Mancha and his faithful squire, Sancho Panza, as they travel through sixteenth-century Spain. You haven't experienced Don Quixote in English until you've read this masterful translation.

      This P.S. edition features an extra 16 pages of insights into the book, including author interviews, recommended reading, and more.

  • Chaucer The Canterbury Tales

    The Canterbury Tales

    Geoffrey Chaucer

    1387-1400

    The Canterbury Tales

    • Author: Geoffrey Chaucer
    • Year Written: 1387-1400
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780140424386
    • trans. Coghill

      "Nevill Coghill's easy, seductive translation ensures that this, the most popular work in English Literature — now 600 years old — will run through yet more centuries." — Melvyn Bragg

      In The Canterbury Tales Chaucer created one of the great touchstones of English literature. A storytelling competition within a group of pilgrims from all walks of life is the occasion for a series of tales that range from the Knight's account of courtly love and the ebullient Wife of Bath's Arthurian legend to the ribald anecdotes of the Miller and the Cook. This masterly and vivid modern English verse translation retains all the vigour and poetry of Chaucer's fourteenth-century Middle English.

       

  • Cicero On Duties

    On Duties

    Marcus Tullius Cicero

    44 BCE

    On Duties

    • Author: Marcus Tullius Cicero
    • Year Written: 44 BCE
    • Publisher: Cambridge UP
    • ISBN:  9780521348355
    • trans. Griffin and Atkins

      De Officiis (On Duties) is Cicero's last theoretical work and contains his analysis, in a Greek theoretical framework, of the political and ethical values of the Roman governing class in the late Republic. It has often been treated merely as a key to the Greek philosophical works that Cicero used, but this volume aims to render De Officiis, which had a profound impact upon subsequent political thinkers, more intelligible by explaining its relation to its own time and place. All the standard series features are present, including a wholly new translation, a concise introduction by a leading scholar, select bibliography, chronology, notes on vocabulary and brief biographies of the most prominent individuals mentioned in the text.

  • Confucius The Analects

    Analects

    Confucius

    c. 476-221 BCE

    Analects

    • Author: Confucius
    • Year Written: c. 476-221 BCE
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780679722960
    • One of the most influential books of all time, The Analects of Confucius collects the sayings and wisdom of the Chinese philosopher and his followers. Still as relevant today as they were over two thousand years ago, these teachings together present a moral code that values virtue above all, and make up the core values of the Confucian tradition. 

      This edition includes a full introduction that gives the social and political background of the ancient work, analyses of key terms in Chinese thought, and a careful study of the history of the book and its interpretations. There are also full notes illuminating the references to contemporary events and clarifying obscure passages. An essential work of literature and philosophy, The Analects of Confucius has shaped generations of readers around the world.

  • Darwin Descent Of Man

    The Descent of Man

    Charles Darwin

    1871

    The Descent of Man

    • Author: Charles Darwin
    • Year Written: 1871
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780140436310
    • Applying his controversial theory of evolution to the origins of the human species, Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man was the culmination of his life's work. This Penguin Classics edition is edited with an introduction by James Moore and Adrian Desmond.

      In The Origin of Species, Charles Darwin refused to discuss human evolution, believing the subject too 'surrounded with prejudices'. He had been reworking his notes since the 1830s, but only with trepidation did he finally publish The Descent of Man in 1871. The book notoriously put apes in our family tree and made the races one family, diversified by 'sexual selection' - Darwin's provocative theory that female choice among competing males leads to diverging racial characteristics. Named by Sigmund Freud as 'one of the ten most significant books' ever written, Darwin's Descent of Man continues to shape the way we think about what it is that makes us uniquely human.

      In their introduction, James Moore and Adrian Desmond, acclaimed biographers of Charles Darwin, call for a radical re-assessment of the book, arguing that its core ideas on race were fired by Darwin's hatred of slavery. The text is the second and definitive edition and this volume also contains suggestions for further reading, a chronology and biographical sketches of prominent individuals mentioned.

      Charles Darwin (1809-82), a Victorian scientist and naturalist, has become one of the most famous figures of science to date. The advent of On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859 challenged and contradicted all contemporary biological and religious beliefs.

  • Descartes Discourse On Method Meditations On First Philosophy

    Meditations on First Philosophy

    Rene Descartes

    1641

    Meditations on First Philosophy

    • Author: Rene Descartes
    • Year Written: 1641
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9780872204201
    • Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy, 4th Ed.

      This edition contains Donald Cress's completely revised translation of the Meditations (from the corrected Latin edition) and recent corrections to Discourse on Method, bringing this version even closer to Descartes's original, while maintaining the clear and accessible style of a classic teaching edition.

  • Dostoyevsky Brothers Karamov

    The Brothers Karamazov

    Fyodor Dostoevsky

    1879-1880

    The Brothers Karamazov

    • Author: Fyodor Dostoevsky
    • Year Written: 1879-1880
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393926330
    • The text is accompanied by a detailed introduction, a pronunciation and explanation key for the novel's main characters, and greatly revised and expanded explanatory annotations.

      "Contexts" presents a wealth of background and source materials relating to The Brothers Karamazov, to Dostoevsky's own experiences, to current events, and to observations on a changing society. Included are the correspondence of influential literary and social critic Vissarion Grigorievich Belinksy and the author's letters spanning three decades as well as a selection from Dostoevsky's Diary of a Writer in which readers may trace the origins of this novel.

      "Criticism" offers a wide range of scholarly commentary on The Brothers Karamazov from American, Russian, and European authors, eleven of them new to the Second Edition and two of them appearing in English for the first time. Contributors include Ralph Matlaw, Valentina Vetlovskaia, Seamas O'Driscoll, William Mills Todd, Vladimir Kantor, Edward Wasiolek, Nathan Rosen, Roger B. Anderson, Robin Feuer Miller, Horst-Jurgen Gerigk, Vladimir Golstein, Robert L. Belknap, Ulrich Schmid, and Gary Saul Morson.

  • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

    • Author: Frederick Douglass
    • Year Written: 1845
    • Publisher: Modern Library
    • ISBN: 9780679783282
    • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass & Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl

      This Modern Library edition combines two of the most important African American slave narratives—crucial works that each illuminate and inform the other. Frederick Douglass's Narrative, first published in 1845, is an enlightening and incendiary text. Born into slavery, Douglass became the preeminent spokesman for his people during his life; his narrative is an unparalleled account of the dehumanizing effects of slavery and Douglass's own triumph over it. Like Douglass, Harriet Jacobs was born into slavery, and in 1861 she published Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, now recognized as the most comprehensive antebellum slave narrative written by a woman. Jacobs's account broke the silence on the exploitation of African American female slaves, and it remains essential reading. Includes a Modern Library Reading Group Guide

  • Dubois Souls Of Black Folk

    The Souls of Black Folk

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois

    1903

    The Souls of Black Folk

    • Author: William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
    • Year Written: 1903
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393973938
    • When it was published "The Souls of Black Folk" revolutionized thinking about the experience of African Americans in the United States. It probes fundamental issues of race and justice, and documents W.E.B. Du Bois' conviction that the "soul" of the black American community must be preserved and revered. The text reprinted here is that of the first bound edition (1903). "Contexts" presents a collection of political and biographical documents related to the text. "Criticism" offers 13 contemporary and recent assessments of Du Bois and "Souls", rounding off the picture of this work.

  • Ellison Invisible Man

    Invisible Man

    Ralph Ellison

    1952

    Invisible Man

    • Author: Ralph Ellison
    • Year Written: 1952
    • Publisher: Penguin Random House
    • ISBN: 9780679732761
    • Both a deeply compelling bestselling novel and an epic milestone of American literature. Originally published in 1952 as the first novel by a then unknown author, it remained on the bestseller list for sixteen weeks, won the National Book Award for fiction, and established Ralph Ellison as one of the key writers of the century. The book's nameless narrator describes growing up in a black community in the South, attending a Negro college from which he is expelled, moving to New York and becoming the chief spokesman of the Harlem branch of the Brotherhood, before retreating amid violence and confusion to the basement lair of the Invisible Man he imagines himself to be. The book is a passionate and witty tour de force of style, strongly influenced by T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land, James Joyce, and Dostoevsky.

  • Epictetus The Handbook

    The Handbook

    Epictetus

    c. 125 CE

    The Handbook

    • Author: Epictetus
    • Year Written: c. 125 CE
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN:  9780915145690
    • trans. White

      From the Introduction: "Stoic philosophy, of which Epictetus (c. a.d. 50-130) is a representative, began as a recognizable movement around 300 b.c. Its founder was Zeno of Cytium (not to be confused with Zeno of Elea, who discovered the famous paradoxes). He was born in Cyprus about 336 b.c., but all of his philosophical activity took place in Athens. For more than 500 years Stoicism was one of the most influential and fruitful philosophical movements in the Graeco-Roman world. The works of the earlier Stoics survive only in fragmentary quotations from other authors, but from the Renaissance until well into the nineteenth century, Stoic ethical thought was one of the most important ancient influences on European ethics, particularly because of the descriptions of it by Cicero, through surviving works by the Stoics Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, and also Epictetus--and also because of the effect that it had had in antiquity, and continued to have into the nineteenth century, on Christian ethical views. Nowadays an undergraduate or graduate student learning about ancient philosophy in a university course may well hear only about Plato and Aristotle, along perhaps with the presocratics; but in the history of Western thought and education this situation is somewhat atypical, and in most periods a comparable student would have learned as much or more about Stoicism, as well as two other major ancient philosophical movements, Epicureanism and Scepticism. In spite of this lack of explicit acquaintance with Stoic philosophers and their works, however, most students will recognize in Epictetus various ideas that are familiar through their effects on other thinkers, notably Spinoza, in our intellectual tradition."

  • Erasmus The Prais Of Folly And Other Writings

    The Praise of Folly

    Desiderius Erasmus

    1511

    The Praise of Folly

    • Author: Desiderius Erasmus
    • Year Written: 1511
    • Publisher: Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393957495
    • The Praise of Folly and Other Writings

      trans. Adams

      Besides the celebrated Praise of Folly, Robert M. Adams has included the political "Complaint of Peace," the brutal antipapal satire "Julius Excluded from Heaven," two versions of Erasmus's important preface to the Latin translation of the New Testament, and a selection both serious and comic of his Colloquies and his letters. Adams has made these selections to emphasize the humane, rather than the doctrinaire, side of the first and arguably greatest humanist.

      Critical commentary is provided in essays by H. R. Trevor-Roper, R. S. Allen, J. Huizinga, Mikhail Bakhtin, Paul Oskar Kristeller, and Robert M. Adams.

      Also included are a Chronology of Erasmus's life and a Selected Bibliography.

  • Three Plays Of Euripides

    The Bacchae

    Euripides

    407 BCE

    The Bacchae

    • Author: Euripides
    • Year Written: 407 BCE
    • Publisher: Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393093124
    • Three Plays of Euripides

      "Paul Roche...must be ranked among the great translators of the Greek dramas in our century."—Robert W. Corrigan

      Here are three of Euripides' finest tragedies offered in vivid, modern translations.

  • Three Plays Of Euripides

    Medea

    Euripides

    431 BCE

    Medea

    • Author: Euripides
    • Year Written: 431 BCE
    • Publisher: Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393093124
    • Three Plays of Euripides

      "Paul Roche...must be ranked among the great translators of the Greek dramas in our century."—Robert W. Corrigan


      Here are three of Euripides' finest tragedies offered in vivid, modern translations.

  • Flaubert Madame Bovary

    Madame Bovary

    Gustav Flaubert

    1856

    Madame Bovary

    • Author: Gustav Flaubert
    • Year Written: 1856
    • Publisher: Penguin Random House
    • ISBN: 9780451418500
    • Both embodiment and victim of the self-satisfied nineteenth-century French bourgeoisie, Emma Bovary lives in pursuit of something more, like the world depicted in the romance novels that have come to define her. Emma is oblivious to the realities of life, and her romantic delusions and search for transcendence through sex, money, and social position serve only to drive the increasingly troubled woman into an irreversible moral, emotional, and spiritual decline. That the author depicted his heroine in neutral terms, without condemnation, resulted in obscenity charges from the French courts, which likened the "lascivious" Madame Bovary's "lack of restraint" to "a woman who throws off all garments." Exactly. Madame Bovary remains one of the most daring and liberating novels ever written. Includes The Trial of Madame Bovary Translated by Mildred Marmur With an Introduction by Robin Morgan and a New Afterword by Frederick Brown

  • Civilization and Its Discontents

    • Author: Sigmund Freud
    • Year Written: 1930
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393304510
    • Written in the decade before Freud's death, Civilization and Its Discontents may be his most famous and most brilliant work. It has been praised, dissected, lambasted, interpreted, and reinterpreted. Originally published in 1930, it seeks to answer several questions fundamental to human society and its organization: What influences led to the creation of civilization? Why and how did it come to be? What determines civilization's trajectory? Freud's theories on the effect of the knowledge of death on human existence and the birth of art are central to his work. Of the various English translations of Freud's major works to appear in his lifetime, only Norton's Standard Edition, under the general editorship of James Strachey, was authorized by Freud himself. This new edition includes both an introduction by the renowned cultural critic and writer Christopher Hitchens as well as Peter Gay's classic biographical note on Freud.

  • Goethe Faust

    Faust (Parts I & II)

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    1808; 1832

    Faust (Parts I & II)

    • Author: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
    • Year Written: 1808; 1832
    • Publisher: Doubleday Books
    • ISBN: 9780385031141
    • The best translation of Faust available, this volume provides the original German text and its English counterpart on facing pages. Walter Kaufmann's translation conveys the poetic beauty and rhythm as well as the complex depth of Goethe's language. Includes Part One and selections from Part Two.

  • Hegel Phenomenology Of Spirit

    The Phenomenology of Spirit

    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

    1807

    The Phenomenology of Spirit

    • Author: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
    • Year Written: 1807
    • Publisher: Oxford University Press
    • ISBN: 9780198245971
    • 'Hegel's Phenomenology was written, so the story goes, on the eve of Napoleon's destruction of the Holy Roman Empire and at the beginning of the German 'Wars of Liberation.' The book itself is no less dramatic or revolutionary. It is Hegel's grandest experiment, changing our vision of the world and the very nature of the philosophical enterprise.

      Hegel's The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) is one of the most influential texts in the history of modern philosophy. In it, Hegel proposed an arresting and novel picture of the relation of mind to world and of people to each other. Like Kant before him, Hegel offered up a systematic account of the nature of knowledge, the influence of society and history on claims to knowledge, and the social character of human agency itself. A bold new understanding of what, after Hegel, came to be called 'subjectivity' arose from this work, and it was instrumental in the formation of later philosophies, such as existentialism, Marxism, and American pragmatism, each of which reacted to Hegel's radical claims in different ways. This edition offers a new translation, an introduction, and glossaries to assist readers' understanding of this central text, and will be essential for scholars and students of Hegel.

  • Herodotus The Histories

    The Histories

    Herodotus

    c. 430 BCE

    The Histories

    • Author: Herodotus
    • Year Written: c. 430 BCE
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780140449082
    • trans. De Selincourt/Marincola, 2003 edition

      Herodotus was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, in Asia Minor, in the fifth century B.C. Called the Father of History, he wrote the first comprehensive attempt at secular narrative history, long considered the starting point of Western historical writing. The focus of his Histories is the Persian Wars, but he includes fascinating digressions on the histories of Bablyon, Egypt, and Thrace, as well as studies of the pyramids and various historical events. He was the first writer to evaluate historical, geographical, and archaeological material critically.

  • Hobbes Leviathan Trans

    Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes

    1651

    Leviathan

    • Author: Thomas Hobbes
    • Year Written: 1651
    • Publisher: Penguin Classics
    • ISBN: 9780141395098
    • trans. Macpherson

      'The life of man, solitary, poore, nasty, brutish, and short'

      Written during the chaos of the English Civil War, Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan asks how, in a world of violence and horror, can we stop ourselves from descending into anarchy? Hobbes' case for a 'common-wealth' under a powerful sovereign — or 'Leviathan' — to enforce security and the rule of law, shocked his contemporaries, and his book was publicly burnt for sedition the moment it was published. But his penetrating work of political philosophy opened up questions about the nature of statecraft and society that influenced governments across the world.

      Edited with an Introduction by Christopher Brooke

  • Odyssey

    The Odyssey

    Homer

    c. 750 BCE

    The Odyssey

    • Author: Homer
    • Year Written: c. 750 BCE
    • Publisher: Farrar, Straus, & Giroux
    • ISBN: 9780374525743
    • trans. Fitzgerald

      The Odyssey (Greek: Ὀδύσσεια, Odýsseia) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work traditionally ascribed to Homer. The poem is fundamental to the modern Western canon. Indeed it is the second—the Iliad being the first—extant work of Western literature. It was probably composed near the end of the eighth century BC, somewhere in Ionia, the Greek-speaking coastal region of what is now Turkey. - [Wikipedia][1] [1]: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odyssey

  • Iliad

    The Iliad

    Homer

    c. 750 BCE

    The Iliad

    • Author: Homer
    • Year Written: c. 750 BCE
    • Publisher: Farrar, Straus, & Giroux
    • ISBN: 9780374529055
    • trans. Fitzgerald

      Anger be now your song, immortal one,
      Akhilleus' anger, doomed and ruinous,
      that caused the Akhaians loss on bitter loss
      and crowded brave souls into the undergloom,
      leaving so many dead men-carrion
      for dogs and birds; and the will of Zeus was done.
      -Lines 1-6

      Since it was first published more than twenty-five years ago, Robert Fitzgerald's prizewinning translation of Homer's battle epic has become a classic in its own right: a standard against which all other versions of The Iliad are compared. Fitzgerald's work is accessible, ironic, faithful, written in a swift vernacular blank verse that "makes Homer live as never before" (Library Journal).

      This edition includes a new foreword by Andrew Ford.

  • An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

    • Author: David Hume
    • Year Written: 1748
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9780872202290
    • A landmark of Enlightenment thought, Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is accompanied here by two shorter works that shed light on it: A Letter from a Gentleman to His Friend in Edinburgh, Hume's response to those accusing him of atheism, of advocating extreme skepticism, and of undermining the foundations of morality; and his Abstract of A Treatise of Human Nature, which anticipates discussions developed in the Enquiry.

      In his concise Introduction, Eric Steinberg explores the conditions that led Hume to write the Enquiry and the work's important relationship to Book I of Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature.

  • Havy Ibn Yaqzan

    Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

    Ibn Tufayl

    c. 1169-1182 CE

    Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

    • Author: Ibn Tufayl
    • Year Written: c. 1169-1182 CE
    • Publisher: Chicago
    • ISBN: 9780226303109
    • trans. Goodman

      The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic philosophy. Ibn Tufayl (d. 1185), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child raised by a doe on an equatorial island who grows up to discover the truth about the world and his own place in it, unaided—but also unimpeded—by society, language, or tradition. Hayy’s discoveries about God, nature, and man challenge the values of the culture in which the tale was written as well as those of every contemporary society.

      Goodman’s commentary places Hayy Ibn Yaqzan in its historical and philosophical context. The volume features a new preface and index, and an updated bibliography.

       

  • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl

    • Author: Harriet Jacobs
    • Year Written: 1861
    • Publisher: Modern Library
    • ISBN: 9780679783282
    • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass & Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl

      This Modern Library edition combines two of the most important African American slave narratives—crucial works that each illuminate and inform the other. Frederick Douglass's Narrative, first published in 1845, is an enlightening and incendiary text. Born into slavery, Douglass became the preeminent spokesman for his people during his life; his narrative is an unparalleled account of the dehumanizing effects of slavery and Douglass's own triumph over it. Like Douglass, Harriet Jacobs was born into slavery, and in 1861 she published Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, now recognized as the most comprehensive antebellum slave narrative written by a woman. Jacobs's account broke the silence on the exploitation of African American female slaves, and it remains essential reading. Includes a Modern Library Reading Group Guide.

  • James Prgamatism Other Writings

    Pragmatism

    William James

    1907

    Pragmatism

    • Author: William James
    • Year Written: 1907
    • Publisher: Penguin Random House
    • ISBN: 9780140437355
    • Pragmatism and Other Writings

      The writings of William James represent one of America's most original contributions to the history of ideas. Ranging from philosophy and psychology to religion and politics, James composed the most engaging formulation of American pragmatism. 'Pragmatism' grew out of a set of lectures and the full text is included here along with 'The Meaning of Truth', 'Psychology', 'The Will to Believe', and 'Talks to Teachers on Psychology'.

  • Julian Of Norwich Showings

    Showings

    Julian of Norwich

    c. 1393 CE

    Showings

    • Author: Julian of Norwich
    • Year Written: c. 1393 CE
    • Publisher: Paulist
    • ISBN: 9780809120918
    • trans. Colledge and Walsh

      "...these translations thus supersede former ones...if the introductions, translations, and other apparatus of the rest of the series are of the same high quality, the series will be indispensable for most libraries."
      Library Journal

      JULIAN OF NORWICH - SHOWINGS
      translated and introduced by Edmund Colledge, O.S.A., and James Walsh, S.J.

      As truly as God is our Father, so truly is
      God our Mother.
      What, do you wish to know your Lord's
      meaning in this thing. Know it well, love
      was his meaning...Who reveals it to you?
      Love. What did he reveal to you? Love.
      Why does he reveal it to you? For Love.
      Julian of Norwich, 1342-c.1423

      Julian, an anchoress who lived in solitude in Norwich, England in the late 14th century, received the 16 "showings" or revelations of God's love in a series of experienced visions. The first version was a short text. The second, longer version was apparently written some years after the first, when she had had time to pray and reflect about the teachings God had given her.

      In the light of their thirteen years of work on the critical edition of Showings, Colledge and Walsh give us this first modern English rendering from the place of Julian's teaching in Catholic Spirituality. The editors present Julian as a skilled theologian and master of rhetorical style. Jean Leclercz, the noted monk, writer, and medievalist, in his preface addresses himself to the question, "Why is this an important work today?"

      Showings reveals a Julian who experienced God directly and not self-consciously as "our mother." Her revelations of the feminine side of God represent a significant contribution to the tradition. Her graphic visions of the humanity of Christ are marked by vivid imagery and detail. But the special appeal of Julian lies in her theology of the all- embracing fullness of divine love. Julian is certainly a warm and approachable companion for the mystical journey.

       

  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics

    • Author: Immanuel Kant
    • Year Written: 1783
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9780872205932
    • This edition of Prolegomena includes Kant's letter of February, 1772 to Marcus Herz, a momentous document in which Kant relates the progress of his thinking and announces that he is now ready to present a critique of pure reason.

  • Kierkegaard Philosophical Fragments

    Philosophical Fragments

    Soren Kierkegaard

    1844

    Philosophical Fragments

    • Author: Soren Kierkegaard
    • Year Written: 1844
    • Publisher: Princeton University Press
    • ISBN: 9780691020365
    • This volume contains a new translation, with a historical introduction by the translators, of two works written under the pseudonym Johannes Climacus. Through Climacus, Kierkegaard contrasts the paradoxes of Christianity with Greek and modern philosophical thinking. In Philosophical Fragments he begins with Greek Platonic philosophy, exploring the implications of venturing beyond the Socratic understanding of truth acquired through recollection to the Christian experience of acquiring truth through grace. Published in 1844 and not originally planned to appear under the pseudonym Climacus, the book varies in tone and substance from the other works so attributed, but it is dialectically related to them, as well as to the other pseudonymous writings. The central issue of Johannes Climacus is doubt. Probably written between November 1842 and April 1843 but unfinished and published only posthumously, this book was described by Kierkegaard as an attack on modern speculative philosophy by "means of the melancholy irony, which did not consist in any single utterance on the part of Johannes Climacus but in his whole life...Johannes does what we are told to do—he actually doubts everything--he suffers through all the pain of doing that, becomes cunning, almost acquires a bad conscience.
      When he has gone as far in that direction as he can go and wants to come back, he cannot do so...Now he despairs, his life is wasted, his youth is spent in these deliberations. Life does not acquire any meaning for him, and all this is the fault of philosophy." A note by Kierkegaard suggests how he might have finished the work: "Doubt is conquered not by the system but by faith, just as it is faith that has brought doubt into the world!"

  • King Why We Can't Wait

    Letter from Birmingham Jail

    Martin Luther King, Jr.

    1963

    Letter from Birmingham Jail

    • Author: Martin Luther King, Jr.
    • Year Written: 1963
    • Publisher: New American Library
    • ISBN: 9780451527530
    • Why We Can't Wait

      Martin Luther King's classic exploration of the events and forces behind the Civil Rights Movement—including his Letter from Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963. "There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into the abyss of despair." In 1963, Birmingham, Alabama, was perhaps the most racially segregated city in the United States. The campaign launched by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Civil Rights movement on the segregated streets of Birmingham demonstrated to the world the power of nonviolent direct action. In this remarkable book—winner of the Nobel Peace Prize—Dr. King recounts the story of Birmingham in vivid detail, tracing the history of the struggle for civil rights back to its beginnings three centuries ago and looking to the future, assessing the work to be done beyond Birmingham to bring about full equality for African Americans. Above all, Dr. King offers an eloquent and penetrating analysis of the events and pressures that propelled the Civil Rights movement from lunch counter sit-ins and prayer marches to the forefront of American consciousness. Since its publication in the 1960s, Why We Can't Wait has become an indisputable classic. Now, more than ever, it is an enduring testament to the wise and courageous vision of Martin Luther King, Jr. Includes photographs and an Afterword by Reverend Jesse L. Jackson, Sr.

  • Lao Tzu Tao Te Ching

    The Way of Lao Tzu

    Lao Tzu

    c. 600-200 BCE

    The Way of Lao Tzu

    • Author: Lao Tzu
    • Year Written: c. 600-200 BCE
    • Publisher: Pearson
    • ISBN: 9780023207006
    • No one can understand China or be an intelligent citizen of the world without some knowledge of the Lao Tzu, also called the Tao-te ching (The Classic of the Way and Its Virtue), for it has modified Chinese life and thought throughout history and has become an integral part of world literature. Therefore any new light on it, however little, should prove to be helpful. 

      There have been many translations of this little classic, some of them excellent. Most translators have treated it as an isolated document. Many have taken it as religious literature. A few have related it to ancient Chinese philosophy. But none has viewed it in the light of the entire history of Chinese thought. Furthermore, no translator has consulted extensively the many commentaries regarding the text, much less the thought. Finally, no translator has written a complete commentary from the perspective of the total history of Chinese philosophy. Besides, a comprehensive and critical account of the recent debates on Lao Tzu the man and Lao Tzu the book is long overdue. The present work is a humble attempt to fill these gaps. 

  • Levi Survival In Auschwitz

    Survival in Auschwitz

    Primo Levi

    1958

    Survival in Auschwitz

    • Author: Primo Levi
    • Year Written: 1958
    • Publisher: Simon & Schuster
    • ISBN: 9780684826806
    • The true and harrowing account of Primo Levi's experience at the German concentration camp of Auschwitz and his miraculous survival; hailed by The Times Literary Supplement as a "true work of art, this edition includes an exclusive conversation between the author and Philip Roth. In 1943, Primo Levi, a twenty-five-year-old chemist and "Italian citizen of Jewish race," was arrested by Italian fascists and deported from his native Turin to Auschwitz. Survival in Auschwitz is Levi's classic account of his ten months in the German death camp, a harrowing story of systematic cruelty and miraculous endurance. Remarkable for its simplicity, restraint, compassion, and even wit, Survival in Auschwitz remains a lasting testament to the indestructibility of the human spirit. Included in this new edition is an illuminating conversation between Philip Roth and Primo Levi never before published in book form.

  • Lucretius

    The Way Things Are

    Lucretius

    c. 55 BCE

    The Way Things Are

    • Author: Lucretius
    • Year Written: c. 55 BCE
    • Publisher: IN U Press 
    • ISBN: 9780253201256
    • trans. Humphries

      " . . . [captures] the relentless urgency of Lucretius' didacticism, his passionate conviction and proselytizing fervour.' —The Classical Review

  • Luther Three Treatises

    The Freedom of a Christian

    Martin Luther

    1520

    The Freedom of a Christian

    • Author: Martin Luther
    • Year Written: 1520
    • Publisher: Fortress Press
    • ISBN: 9780800616397
    • Three Treatises

      trans. Lambert

      Martin Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses on the church door at Wittenberg in 1517. In the three years that followed, Luther clarified and defended his position in numerous writings. Chief among these are the three treatises written in 1520. In these writings Luther tried to frame his ideas in terms that would be comprehensible not only to the clergy but to people from a wide range of backgrounds. To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation is an attack on the corruption of the church and the abuses of its authority, bringing to light many of the underlying reasons for the Reformation. The second treatise, The Babylonian Captivity of the Church, contains Luther's sharp criticism of the sacramental system of the Catholic church. The Freedom of a Christian gives a concise presentation of Luther's position on the doctrine of justification by faith. The translations of these treatises are all taken from the American edition of Luther's Works. This new edition of Three Treatises will continue to be a popular resource for individual study, church school classes, and college and seminary courses.

  • Machiavelli The Prince

    The Prince

    Niccolo Machiavelli

    1513

    The Prince

    • Author: Niccolo Machiavelli
    • Year Written: 1513
    • Publisher: Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393962208
    • trans. Adams

      Accurate, highly readable, and thoroughly revised for the Second Edition, this translation renders Machiavelli's 1513 political tract into clear and concise English.

      "Backgrounds" relies entirely upon Machiavelli's other writings to place this central Florentine in his proper political and historical context. Included are excerpts from The Discourses, a report from a diplomatic mission, a collection of private letters, and two poems from Carnival Songs.

      "Interpretations" retains three of the previous edition's seminal essays while adding five selections by Felix Gilbert, Federico Chabod, J. H. Whitfield, Isaiah Berlin, and Robert M. Adams.

      "Marginalia" is an eclectic collection of writings germane to both Machiavelli and The Prince. Of the eight selections represented, five of them are new to the Second Edition, including Pasquale Villari's comic portrayal of Machiavelli's first diplomatic post in 1499, Francesco Guicciardini's lofty rebuttal to Machiavelli, and a collection of Tuscan Sayings to further the reader's understanding of this timeless text.

      An updated Selected Bibliography is also included.

  • Mann Death In Venice Seven Other Stories

    Death in Venice

    Thomas Mann

    1912

    Death in Venice

    • Author: Thomas Mann
    • Year Written: 1912
    • Publisher: Penguin Random House
    • ISBN: 9780679722069
    • Death in Venice and Seven Other Stories

      Eight complex stories illustrative of the author's belief that "a story must tell itself, " highlighted by the high art style of the famous title novella.

  • Tucker Marx Engels Reader

    Capital (Selections)

    Karl Marx

    1867

    Capital (Selections)

    • Author: Karl Marx
    • Year Written: 1867
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393090406
    • The Marx-Engels Reader

      This revised and enlarged edition of the leading anthology provides the essential writings of Marx and Engels-those works necessary for an introduction to Marxist thought and ideology.

  • Tucker Marx Engels Reader

    The Communist Manifesto

    Karl Marx

    1848

    The Communist Manifesto

    • Author: Karl Marx
    • Year Written: 1848
    • Publisher: W. W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393090406
    • The Marx-Engels Reader

      This revised and enlarged edition of the leading anthology provides the essential writings of Marx and Engels-those works necessary for an introduction to Marxist thought and ideology.

  • Melville Moby Dick

    Moby Dick

    Herman Melville

    1851

    Moby Dick

    • Author: Herman Melville
    • Year Written: 1851
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393972832
    • A section of "Whaling and Whalecraft" features prose and graphics by John B. Putnam, a sample of contemporary whaling engravings, as well as, new to this edition, an engraving of Tupai Cupa, the real-life inspiration for the character of Queequeg.

      Evoking Melville's fascination with the fluidity of categories like savagery and civilization, the image of Tupai Cupa fittingly introduces "Before Moby-Dick: International Controversy over Melville," a new section that documents the ferocity of religions, political, and sexual hostility toward Melville in reaction to his early books, beginning with Typee in 1846.

      The image of Tupai Cupa also evokes Melville's interest in the mystery of self-identity and the possibility of knowing another person's "queenly personality" (Chapter 119). That theme (focused on Melville, Ishmael, and Ahab) is pursued in "A Handful of Critical Challenges," from Walter E. Bezanson's classic centennial study through Harrison Hayford's meditation on "Loomings" and recent essays by Camille Paglia and John Wenke.

      In "Reviews and Letters by Melville," a letter has been redated and a wealth of new biographical material has been added to the footnotes, notably to Melville's "Hawthorne and His Mosses." "Analogues and Sources" retains classic pieces by J. N. Reynolds and Owen Chase, as well as new findings by Geoffrey Sanborn and Steven Olsen-Smith. In "Reviews of Moby-Dick" emphasizes the ongoing religious hostility toward Melville and highlights new discoveries, such as the first-known Scottish review of The Whale. "Posthumous Praise and the Melville Revival: 1893-1927" collects belated, enthusiastic praise up through that of William Faulkner. "Biographical Cross-Light" is Hershel Parker's somber look at what writing Moby-Dick cost Melville and his family.

      From Foreword through Selected Bibliography, this Sesquicentennial Norton Critical Edition is uniquely valuable as the most up-to-date and comprehensive documentary source for study of Moby-Dick.

  • Mill On Liberty Utilitarianism

    On Liberty

    John Stuart Mill

    1859

    On Liberty

    • Author: John Stuart Mill
    • Year Written: 1859
    • Publisher: Bantam Books
    • ISBN: 9780553214147
    • On Liberty and Utilitarianism

      Together these two essays mark the philosophic cornerstone of democratic morality and represent a thought-provoking search for the true balance between the rights of the individual and the power of the state. Thoroughly schooled in the principles of the utilitarian movement founded by Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill nevertheless brings his own unique intellectual energy to issues such as individual freedom, equality, authority, happiness, justice, and virtue. On Liberty is Mill's famous examination of the nature of individuality and its crucial role in any social system that expects to remain creative and vital. Utilitarianism brilliantly expounds a pragmatic ethic based on one controversial proposition: actions are right only if they promote the common good and wrong if they do not. While much of Mill's thinking was eventually adopted by socialists, it is in today's democratic societies--with their troubling issues of crime, freedom of speech, and the boundaries of personal liberty--that his work resounds most powerfully.

  • Milton Samson Agonistes Shorter Poems

    Samson Agonistes

    John Milton

    1671

    Samson Agonistes

    • Author: John Milton
    • Year Written: 1671
    • Publisher: Harlan Davidson
    • ISBN: 9780882950587
    • Samson Agonistes & Shorter Poems

      This volume contains the principal English poems of Milton's youth and early manhood, most of the sonnets written during the Puritan Revolution, when he was chiefly engaged in arguing public questions in prose, and Samson Agonistes, published three years before his death. Includes "Comus," "Lycidas," "L'Allegro," "Il Penseroso," "On the Morning of Christ's Nativity," and other shorter poems. With an introduction by Editor A. E. Baker, this edition also contains a list of principal dates in the life of Milton and a selected bibliography.

  • Essays (To the Reader, Of Cannibals, Of Experience, Of Repentance, and Apology for Raymond Sebonde)

    • Author: Michel de Montaigne
    • Year Written: 1580-88
    • Publisher: Stanford
    • ISBN: 9780804704861
    • Complete Essays of Montaigne

      trans. Frame

      This new translation of Montaigne's immortal Essays received great acclaim when it was first published in The Complete Works of Montaigne in the 1957 edition. The New York Times said, "It is a matter for rejoicing that we now have available a new translation that offers definite advantages over even the best of its predecessors," and The New Republic stated that this edition gives "a more adequate idea of Montaigne's manner, his straight and unpretentious style, than any of the half-dozen previous English translations."

      In his Essays, Montaigne warns us from the outset that he has set himself "no goal but a domestic and private one"; yet he is one author whose modernity and universality have been acclaimed by each age since he wrote. Probing into his emotions, attitudes, and behavior, Montaigne reveals to us much about ourselves.

      As new editions of the Essays were published during his lifetime, Montaigne interpolated many new passages-often of considerable length. This volume indicates the strata of composition, so that the reader may follow the development of Montaigne's thought over the years. The detailed index provides a convenient means of locating the many famous passages that occur throughout the work.

  • More Utopia

    Utopia

    Thomas More

    1516

    Utopia

    • Author: Thomas More
    • Year Written: 1516
    • Publisher: Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393932461
    • trans. Adams

      Based on Thomas More's penetrating analysis of the folly and tragedy of the politics of his time and all times, Utopia (1516) is a seedbed of alternative political institutions and a perennially challenging exploration of the possibilities and limitations of political action.

      This Norton Critical Edition is built on the translation that Robert M. Adams created for it in 1975. For the Third Edition, George M. Logan has carefully revised the translation, improving its accuracy while preserving the grace and verve that have made it the most highly regarded modern rendering of More's Renaissance Latin work.

      "Backgrounds" includes a wide-ranging selection of the major secular and religious texts-from Plato to Amerigo Vespucci-that informed More's thinking, as well as a selection of the responses to his book by members of his own humanist circle and an account by G. R. Elton of the condition of England at the time More wrote.

      "Criticism" now offers a more comprehensive survey of modern scholarship, adding excerpts from seminal books by Frederic Seebohm, Karl Kautsky, and Russell Ames, as well as selections from stimulating and influential recent readings by Dominic Baker-Smith and Eric Nelson. In the final section, on "Utopia's Modern Progeny," the opening chapter of Aldous Huxley's Brave New World is now complemented by excerpts from another great work in the complex tradition of utopian and dystopian fiction, Ursula K. Le Guin's The Left Hand of Darkness. Throughout the Third Edition, the editorial apparatus has been thoroughly revised and updated.

      An updated Selected Bibliography is also included.

  • Mozart Don Giovanni

    Don Giovanni

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    1787

    Don Giovanni

    • Author: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • Year Written: 1787
    • Publisher: Dover
    • ISBN: 9780486249445
    • Don Giovanni has been called the greatest opera ever composed, an almost perfect work. Along with Aida, La Bohème, and Carmen, Mozart's masterpiece is one of the most often performed operas. The work is so admired that when the Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini was asked which of his own operas he liked best, Rossini unhesitatingly replied, "Don Giovanni."
      This Dover edition contains the standard Italian libretto of Don Giovanni, side by side with a complete new English translation. Convenient and portable, it also includes an informative Introduction, a complete List of Characters, and an easy-to-follow Plot Summary. All repeats are given in full, so you can follow the text as it is sung, without losing your place.
      With this inexpensive, handy guide, opera lovers can appreciate every word of Mozart's brilliant comic drama — in the original Italian or in modern English. An ideal companion for reading along with a recording, a broadcast, or at the performance itself, this superb volume is a first-rate aid to enjoyment of one of the world's most celebrated operas.

  • Nietzsche Beyond Good Evil

    Beyond Good and Evil

    Friedrich Nietzsche

    1886

    Beyond Good and Evil

    • Author: Friedrich Nietzsche
    • Year Written: 1886
    • Publisher: Penguin Random House
    • ISBN: 9780140449235
    • Friedrich Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil is translated from the German by R.J. Hollingdale with an introduction by Michael Tanner in Penguin Classics. Beyond Good and Evil confirmed Nietzsche's position as the towering European philosopher of his age. The work dramatically rejects the tradition of Western thought with its notions of truth and God, good and evil. Nietzsche demonstrates that the Christian world is steeped in a false piety and infected with a 'slave morality'. With wit and energy, he turns from this critique to a philosophy that celebrates the present and demands that the individual imposes their own 'will to power' upon the world. This edition includes a commentary on the text by the translator and Michael Tanner's introduction, which explains some of the more abstract passages in Beyond Good and Evil. Frederich Nietzsche (1844-1900) became the chair of classical philology at Basel University at the age of 24 until his bad health forced him to retire in 1879. He divorced himself from society until his final collapse in 1899 when he became insane. A powerfully original thinker, Nietzsche's influence on subsequent writers, such as George Bernard Shaw, D.H. Lawrence, Thomas Mann and Jean-Paul Sartre, was considerable.

  • Ovid Metamorphoses

    Metamorphoses

    Ovid

    8 CE

    Metamorphoses

    • Author: Ovid
    • Year Written: 8 CE
    • Publisher: Harvest
    • ISBN: 9780156001267
    • trans. Mandelbaum [2 A.D.]

      It is savage and sophisticated, mischievous and majestic, witty and wicked. In its earthiness, its psychological acuity, it speaks over the centuries to our time. And with this new "fluid, readable, and accurate rendition" (Library Journal), the Metamorphoses for our age has been created.

      The Metamorphoses is a treasury of classical myths, filtered through the far from reverent sensibility of the Roman poet Ovid (43 B.C.-A.D. 17). It weaves together every major mythological story to display a dazzling array of miraculous metamorphoses, from the time chaos is transformed into order at the moment of creation, to the time when the soul of Julius Caesar is turned into a star and set in the heavens. Through the poetic artistry of Allen Mandelbaum, this glorious achievement of classical literature, whose influence on English literature is rivaled perhaps only by that of the Bible, is revealed anew.

  • Pascal Pensees

    Pensees

    Blaise Pascal

    1670

    Pensees

    • Author: Blaise Pascal
    • Year Written: 1670
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780140446456
    • A passionate defence of religious faith by the great seventeenth-century philosopher, mathematician and physicist

      Blaise Pascal was the precociously brilliant contemporary of Descartes, but it is his unfinished apologia for the Christian religion upon which his reputation now rests. The Pensees is a collection of philosophical fragments, notes and essays in which he explores the contradictions of human nature in psychological, social, metaphysical and, above all, theological terms. Humankind emerges from Pascal's analysis as a wretched and desolate creature within an impersonal universe, but also as a being whose existence can be transformed through faith in God's grace.

      Translated with an Introduction by A. J. Krailsheimer

  • Ascent of Mt. Ventoux and On His Own Ignorance

    • Author: Petrarch
    • Year Written: 1336; 1370
    • Publisher: Chicago
    • ISBN: 9780226096049
    • The Renaissance Philosophy of Man 

      ed. Cassirer, Kristeller, Randall

      Despite our admiration for Renaissance achievement in the arts and sciences, in literature and classical learning, the rich and diversified philosophical thought of the period remains largely unknown. This volume illuminates three major currents of thought dominant in the earlier Italian Renaissance: classical humanism (Petrarch and Valla), Platonism (Ficino and Pico), and Aristotelianism (Pomponazzi). A short and elegant work of the Spaniard Vives is included to exhibit the diffusion of the ideas of humanism and Platonism outside Italy. Now made easily accessible, these texts recover for the English reader a significant facet of Renaissance learning.

  • Plato Phaedrus

    Phaedrus

    Plato

    c. 370 BCE

    Phaedrus

    • Author: Plato
    • Year Written: c. 370 BCE
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9780872202207
    • Phaedrus (c. 15 BC – c. AD 50), Roman fabulist, was probably a Thracian slave, born in Pydna of Macedonia (Roman province) and lived in the reigns of Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula and Claudius. He is recognized as the first writer to Latinize entire books of fables, retelling in iambic metre the Greek prose Aesopic tales.

  • Plato Symposium

    Symposium

    Plato

    c. 385 BCE

    Symposium

    • Author: Plato
    • Year Written: c. 385 BCE
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN:  9780872200760
    • A model of the kind of text one needs for lecture courses: the translation is extremely readable and made even more accessible by intelligent printing decisions (on dividing the text, spacing for clarification, etc.); the notes are kept to a minimum but appear when they are really needed for comprehension and are truly informative. And the introduction admirably presents both basic information and a sense of current scholarly opinion. --S. G. Nugent, Princeton University

  • Republic Of Plato

    The Republic

    Plato

    c. 375 BCE

    The Republic

    • Author: Plato
    • Year Written: c. 375 BCE
    • Publisher: Basic/Harper 
    • ISBN: 9780465094080
    • Republic of Plato

      trans. Allan Bloom, 3rd ed.

      The definitive translation of Plato’s Republic, the most influential text in the history of Western philosophy

      Long regarded as the most accurate rendering of Plato’s Republic that has yet been published, this widely acclaimed translation by Allan Bloom was the first to take a strictly literal approach. In addition to the annotated text, there is also a rich and valuable essay — as well as indices — which will enable readers to better understand the heart of Plato’s intention.

      This edition includes an introduction by renowned critic Adam Kirsch, setting the work in its intellectual context for a new generation of students and readers.

  • Four Texts On Socrates

    Apology

    Plato

    c. 399 BCE

    Apology

    • Author: Plato
    • Year Written: c. 399 BCE
    • Publisher: Cornell
    • ISBN: 9780801485749
    • Four Texts on Socrates

      Widely adopted for classroom use, this book offers translations of four major works of ancient Greek literature which treat the life and thought of Socrates, focusing particularly on his trial and defense (the platonic dialogues Euthyphro, Apology of Socrates, and Crito) and on the charges against Socrates (Aristophanes' comedy Clouds). This is the only collection of the three Platonic dialogues that also includes Clouds, a work that is fundamental for understanding the thought of Socrates in relation to the Athenian political community and to Greek poetry.

      Thomas G. West's introduction provides an overview of the principal themes and arguments of the four works. There are extensive explanatory notes to the translations. For this new edition, Thomas West has revised the introduction and updated the annotated bibliography, which includes the best of the secondary literature on Socrates and on the texts included in this book.

      In their translations, the Wests capture successfully the simplicity and vigor of straightforward Greek diction. They strive for as high a degree of accuracy as possible, subordinating concerns for elegance and smoothness to the goal of producing the most faithful and most reliable English versions of these texts.

  • Four Texts On Socrates

    Crito

    Plato

    c. 399 BCE

    Crito

    • Author: Plato
    • Year Written: c. 399 BCE
    • Publisher: Cornell
    • ISBN: 9780801485749
    • Four Texts on Socrates

      Widely adopted for classroom use, this book offers translations of four major works of ancient Greek literature which treat the life and thought of Socrates, focusing particularly on his trial and defense (the platonic dialogues Euthyphro, Apology of Socrates, and Crito) and on the charges against Socrates (Aristophanes' comedy Clouds). This is the only collection of the three Platonic dialogues that also includes Clouds, a work that is fundamental for understanding the thought of Socrates in relation to the Athenian political community and to Greek poetry.

      Thomas G. West's introduction provides an overview of the principal themes and arguments of the four works. There are extensive explanatory notes to the translations. For this new edition, Thomas West has revised the introduction and updated the annotated bibliography, which includes the best of the secondary literature on Socrates and on the texts included in this book.

      In their translations, the Wests capture successfully the simplicity and vigor of straightforward Greek diction. They strive for as high a degree of accuracy as possible, subordinating concerns for elegance and smoothness to the goal of producing the most faithful and most reliable English versions of these texts.

  • Plotinus The Enneads

    The Enneads

    Plotinus

    c. 270 CE

    The Enneads

    • Author: Plotinus
    • Year Written: c. 270 CE
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780140445206
    • trans. McKenna

      Here is a highly original synthesis of Platonism, mystic passion, ideas from Greek philosophy, and variants of the Trinity and other central tenets of Christian doctrine by the brilliant thinker who has had an immense influence on mystics and religious writers.

  • Rouseau Basic Political Writings

    Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    1755

    Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

    • Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    • Year Written: 1755
    • Publisher: Hackett
    • ISBN: 9781603846738
    • This substantially revised new edition of Rousseau: The Basic Political Writings features a brilliant new Introduction by David Wootton, a revision by Donald A. Cress of his own 1987 translation of Rousseau's most important political writings, and the addition of Cress' new translation of Rousseau's State of War. New footnotes, headnotes, and a chronology by David Wootton provide expert guidance to first-time readers of the texts.

  • Santideva Bodhicaryavatara

    Bodhicaryavatara

    Santideva

    c. 700 CE

    Bodhicaryavatara

    • Author: Santideva
    • Year Written: c. 700 CE
    • Publisher: Oxford U Press
    • ISBN: 9780199540433
    • Written in India in the early eighth century AD, Santideva's Bodhicaryavatara became one of the most popular accounts of the Buddhist's spiritual path.

      The Bodhicaryavatara takes as its subject the profound desire to become a Buddha and save all beings from suffering. The person who enacts such a desire is a Bodhisattva. Santideva not only sets out what the Bodhisattva must do and become, he also invokes the intense feelings of aspiration which underlie such a commitment, using language which has inspired Buddhists in their religious life from his time to the present.

      Important as a manual of training among Mahayana Buddhists, especially in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, the Bodhicaryavatara continues to be used as the basis for teaching by modern Buddhist teachers.

      This is a new translation from the original language, with detailed annotations explaining allusions and technical references. The Introduction sets Santideva's work in context, and for the first time explain its structure.
       

  • Complete Poems Of Sappho

    Poems and Fragments

    Sappho

    c. 600 BCE

    Poems and Fragments

    • Author: Sappho
    • Year Written: c. 600 BCE
    • Publisher: Shambhala
    • ISBN: 9781590306130
    • The Complete Poems of Sappho

      trans. Willis Barnstone

      Sappho’s thrilling lyric verse has been unremittingly popular for more than 2,600 years—certainly a record for poetry of any kind—and love for her art only increases as time goes on. Though her extant work consists only of a collection of fragments and a handful of complete poems, her mystique endures to be discovered anew by each generation, and to inspire new efforts at bringing the spirit of her Greek words faithfully into English.

      In the past, translators have taken two basic approaches to Sappho: either very literally translating only the words in the fragments, or taking the liberty of reconstructing the missing parts. Willis Barnstone has taken a middle course, in which he remains faithful to the words of the fragments, only very judiciously filling in a word or phrase in cases where the meaning is obvious. This edition includes extensive notes and a special section of "Testimonia": appreciations of Sappho in the words of ancient writers from Plato to Plutarch. Also included are a glossary of all the figures mentioned in the poems, and suggestions for further reading.

  • Shakespeare Tempest

    The Tempest

    William Shakespeare

    1610-11

    The Tempest

    • Author: William Shakespeare
    • Year Written: 1610-11
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780143128632
    • This edition of The Tempest is edited with an introduction and notes by Peter Holland (who is the McMeel Family Chair in Shakespeare Studies here at Notre Dame) and was recently repackaged with cover art by Manuja Waldia. The legendary Pelican Shakespeare series features authoritative and meticulously researched texts paired with scholarship by renowned Shakespeareans. Each book includes an essay on the theatrical world of Shakespeare's time, an introduction to the individual play, and a detailed note on the text used. Updated by general editors Stephen Orgel and A. R. Braunmuller, these easy-to-read editions incorporate over 30 years of Shakespeare scholarship undertaken since the original series, edited by Alfred Harbage, appeared between 1956 and 1967. 

  • Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus

    • Author: Mary Shelley
    • Year Written: 1818
    • Publisher: Broadview Press
    • ISBN: 9781554811038
    • D.L. Macdonald and Kathleen Scherf's edition of Frankenstein has been widely acclaimed as an outstanding edition of the novel-for the general reader and the student as much as for the scholar. The editors use as their copy-text the original 1818 version, and detail in an appendix all of Shelley's later revisions. They also include a range of contemporary documents that shed light on the historical context from which this unique masterpiece emerged.

      New to this edition is a discussion of Percy Shelley's role in contributing to the first draft of the novel. Recent scholarship has provoked considerable interest in the degree to which Percy Shelley contributed to Mary Shelley's original text, and this edition's updated introduction discusses this scholarship. A new appendix also includes Lord Byron's "A Fragment" and John William Polidori's The Vampyre, works that are engaging in their own right and that also add further insights into the literary context of Frankenstein

  • Smith Wealth Of Nations

    The Wealth of Nations

    Adam Smith

    1776

    The Wealth of Nations

    • Author: Adam Smith
    • Year Written: 1776
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780679783367
    • Adam Smith's masterpiece, first published in 1776, is the foundation of modern economic thought and remains the single most important account of the rise of, and the principles behind, modern capitalism. Written in clear and incisive prose, The Wealth of Nations articulates the concepts indispensable to an understanding of contemporary society; and Robert Reich's Introduction both clarifies Smith's analyses and illuminates his overall relevance to the world in which we live. As Reich writes, "Smith's mind ranged over issues as fresh and topical today as they were in the late eighteenth century—jobs, wages, politics, government, trade, education, business, and ethics." Introduction by Robert Reich - Commentary by R. H. Campbell and A. S. Skinner - Includes a Modern Library Reading Group Guide

  • Three Theban Plays

    Three Theban Plays

    Sophocles

    441-401 BCE

    Three Theban Plays

    • Author: Sophocles
    • Year Written: 441-401 BCE
    • Publisher: Oxford U Press
    • ISBN: 9780195010596
    • Three Theban Plays

      trans. Banks

      BOOK ONE: Antigone is a tragedy by Sophocles written in or before 441 BC. It is the third of the three Theban plays but was the first written, chronologically. The play expands on the Theban legend that predated it and picks up where Aeschylus' Seven Against Thebes ends. BOOK TWO: Oedipus Rex, also known by its Greek title, Oedipus Tyrannus, or Oedipus the King, is an Athenian tragedy by Sophocles that was first performed around 429 BC. Originally, to the ancient Greeks, the title was simply Oedipus, as it is referred to by Aristotle in the Poetics. It is thought to have been renamed Oedipus Tyrannus to distinguish it from Oedipus at Colonus. In antiquity, the term “tyrant” referred to a ruler, but it did not necessarily have a negative connotation. Of his three Theban plays that have survived, and that deal with the story of Oedipus, Oedipus Rex was the second to be written. However, in terms of the chronology of events that the plays describe, it comes first, followed by Oedipus at Colonus and then Antigone. BOOK THREE: Oedipus at Colonus is one of the three Theban plays of the Athenian tragedian Sophocles. It was written shortly before Sophocles' death in 406 BC and produced by his grandson (also called Sophocles) at the Festival of Dionysus in 401 BC. In the timeline of the plays, the events of Oedipus at Colonus occur after Oedipus the King and before Antigone; however, it was the last of Sophocles' three Theban plays to be written. The play describes the end of Oedipus' tragic life. Legends differ as to the site of Oedipus' death; Sophocles set the place at Colonus, a village near Athens and also Sophocles' own birthplace, where the blinded Oedipus has come with his daughters Antigone and Ismene as suppliants of the Erinyes and of Theseus, the king of Athens.

  • Swift Gulliver S Travels

    Gulliver's Travels

    Jonathan Swift

    1726

    Gulliver's Travels

    • Author: Jonathan Swift
    • Year Written: 1726
    • Publisher: Bedford St. Martin's
    • ISBN: 9780312066659
    • Adopted at more than 1,000 colleges and universities, Bedford/St. Martin's innovative Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism series has introduced more than a quarter of a million students to literary theory and earned enthusiastic praise nationwide. Along with an authoritative text of a major literary work, each volume presents critical essays, selected or prepared especially for students, that approach the work from several contemporary critical perspectives, such as gender criticism and cultural studies. Each essay is accompanied by an introduction (with bibliography) to the history, principles, and practice of its critical perspective. Every volume also surveys the biographical, historical, and critical contexts of the literary work and concludes with a glossary of critical terms. New editions reprint cultural documents that contextualize the literary works and feature essays that show how critical perspectives can be combined.

  • Teresa Of Avila The Interior Castle

    The Interior Castle

    Teresa of Avila

    1588

    The Interior Castle

    • Author: Teresa of Avila
    • Year Written: 1588
    • Publisher: Paulist
    • ISBN: 9780809122547
    • trans. Kavanaugh/Rodriguez

      Teresa of Avila: Interior Castle
      "It is that we consider our soul to be like a castle made entirely out of a diamond or of very clear crystal in which there are many rooms, just as in heaven there are many dwelling places."
      Teresa of Avila 1515-1582

      This 16th-century Spanish mystic is considered one of the most profound spiritual teachers in the history of Christianity. Father Kieran Kavanaugh, the editor of the volume, says in his introduction, "The Interior Castle has come to be regarded as Teresa's best synthesis...If asked to single out one work as her masterpiece, most of those acquainted with the Teresian writings would probably choose The Interior Castle." Teresa received the image of the whole book in a vision on Trinity Sunday, 1577. An early biographer says that she beheld "a most beautiful crystal globe like a castle in which she saw seven dwelling places, and in the seventh, which was in the center, the King of Glory dwelt in the greatest splendor."

      The Second Vatican Council pointed out that by penetrating the revealed message the Christian mystics enrich our comprehension of it and contribute to the Church's living tradition. Among the mystics, St. Teresa of Avila holds a unique position as a witness to divine realities. Her common sense, humor, and penchant for everyday images liven her writings; but she is above all remarkable for her analytical abilities in proving the mystery of God's workings in the soul. On September 27, 1970, Pope Paul VI proclaimed Teresa a Doctor of the Church. During the ceremony, the pope spoke of her as a teacher of "marvelous profundity."

  • Thoreau Walden Civil Disobedience Other Writings

    Walden

    Henry David Thoreau

    1854

    Walden

    • Author: Henry David Thoreau
    • Year Written: 1854
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393930900
    • Walden, Civil Disobedience and Other Writings

      As a unique feature, the Third Edition includes generous excerpts from Thoreau's journal, reprinted by special arrangements with Princeton University Press from the definitive edition of his writings. Spanning the years 1845-54, these selections vividly display Thoreau's intensive exploration of his local landscape; the fusion of literary and natural history field work that informs Walden, "Walking," and "Wild Apples"; and the growth of his environmental imagination.

      "Reviews and Posthumous Assessments" for this edition collects eight new reviews of Thoreau's antislavery and late environmental essays as well as of Walden. To the influential portraits of Thoreau by Ralph Waldo Emerson and James Russell Lowell, the Third Edition adds John Burroughs's "Another Word on Thoreau," his response to them and to his great predecessor.

      "Recent Criticism" includes eighteen selections of the best historical, political, philosophical, poststructuralist, and environmental criticism of Thoreau's writing since the mid-twentieth century. To classic pieces by E. B. White, Leo Marx, Barbara Johnson, and Stanley Cavell, the Third Edition adds essays by nine new contributors, among them Laurence Buell, Laura Dassow Walls, Evan Carton, Robert A. Gross, Albert J. von Frank, Steven Fink, and William Rossi.

      A Chronology of Thoreau's life and work, new to the Third Edition, and an expanded and updated Selected Bibliography are also included.

  • Landmark Thucydides

    The History of the Peloponnesian War

    Thucydides

    c. 390 BCE

    The History of the Peloponnesian War

    • Author: Thucydides
    • Year Written: c. 390 BCE
    • Publisher: Simon & Schuster
    • ISBN: 9780684827902
    • The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide to the Peloponnesian War

      trans. Crawley

      Thucydides' account of two decades of war between Athens and Sparta is the first and still most famous work in the Western historical tradition. Considered essential reading for generals, statesmen, and liberally educated citizens for more than 2,000 years, The Peloponnesian War is a mine of military, moral, political, and philosophical wisdom.

      However, this classic book has long presented obstacles to the uninitiated reader. Robert Strassler's new edition removes these obstacles by providing a new coherence to the narrative overall, and by effectively reconstructing the lost cultural context that Thucydides shared with his original audience. Based on the venerable Richard Crawley translation, updated and revised for modern readers. The Landmark Thucydides includes a vast array of superbly designed and presented maps, brief informative appendices by outstanding classical scholars on subjects of special relevance to the text, explanatory marginal notes on each page, an index of unprecedented subtlety, and numerous other useful features.

      In any list of the Great Books of Western Civilization, The Peloponnesian War stands near the top. This authoritative new edition will ensure that its greatness is appreciated by future generations.

       

  • De Tocqueville Democracy In America

    Democracy in America

    Alexis de Tocqueville

    1835

    Democracy in America

    • Author: Alexis de Tocqueville
    • Year Written: 1835
    • Publisher: Penguin
    • ISBN: 9780451531605
    • French nobleman Alexis de Tocqueville's classic treatise on the American way of life. Over 175 years ago, Alexis de Tocqueville, an astute political scientist, came to the United States to evaluate the meaning and actual functioning of democracy. Here, Tocqueville discusses the advantages and dangers of majority rule—which he thought could be as tyrannical as the rule of a monarchy. He analyzes the influence of political parties and the press on the government and the effect of equality on the social, political, and economic life of the American people. He also offers some startling predictions about world politics, which history has borne out. So brilliant and penetrating are his comments and criticisms, they have vital meaning today for all who are interested in democracy. Abridged and with an Introduction by Richard D. Heffner
      and an Afterword by Vartan Gregorian

  • Tolstoy War Peace

    War & Peace

    Leo Tolstoy

    1865-69

    War & Peace

    • Author: Leo Tolstoy
    • Year Written: 1865-69
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN: 9780393966473
    • "Backgrounds and Sources" includes the publication history of War and Peace, selections from Tolstoy's letters and diaries as well as three drafts of his introduction to the novel that elucidate the its evolution, and an 1868 article by Tolstoy in which he reacts to his critics.

      "Criticism" includes twenty essays, seven of them new, that provide diverse perspectives on the novel by Nikolai Strakhov, V. I. Lenin, Henry James, Isaiah Berlin, D. S. Mirsky, Kathryn Feuer, Lydia Ginzburg, Richard Gustafson, Gary Saul Morson, and Caryl Emerson, among others.

      A Chronology and Selected Bibliography are also included.

  • The Aeneid

    The Aeneid

    Vergil

    c. 29-19 BCE

    The Aeneid

    • Author: Vergil
    • Year Written: c. 29-19 BCE
    • Publisher: Vintage
    • ISBN: 9780679729525
    • trans. Fitzgerald

      Virgil (70 B.C-19 B.C) is regarded as the greatest Roman poet, known for his epic, The Aeneid (written about 29 B.C. unfinished). Virgil was born on October 15, 70 B.C., in a small village near Mantua in Northern Italy. He attended school at Cremona and Milan and then went to Rome, where he studied mathematics, medicine, and rhetoric, and completed his studies in Naples. Between 42 and 37 B.C. Virgil composed pastoral poems known as Ecologues, and spent years on the Georgics. At the urging of Augustus Caesar, Virgil began to write The Aeneid, a poem of the glory of Rome under Caesar's rule. Virgil devoted the remaining time of his life, from 30 to 19 B.C., to the composition of The Aeneid, the national epic of Rome and to glory of the Empire. The poet died in 19 B.C of a fever he contracted on his visit to Greece with the Emperor. It is said that the poet had instructed his executor Varius to destroy The Aeneid, but Augustus ordered Varius to ignore this request, and the poem was published.

  • Voltaire Candide 3rd Edition

    Candide

    Voltaire

    1759

    Candide

    • Author: Voltaire
    • Year Written: 1759
    • Publisher: W.W. Norton
    • ISBN:
    • 3rd edition

      Candide has been delighting readers since 1759 with its satiric wit, provocations, and warnings. The novella has never been out of print and has been translated into every conceivable language. The text of this Norton Critical Edition remains that of Robert M. Adams’s superlative translation, accompanied by explanatory annotations. The Norton Critical Edition also includes:

      • A full introduction by Nicholas Cronk.
      • Six background studies of Enlightenment ideas and themes (by Richard Holmes, Adam Gopnik, W. H. Barber, Dennis Fletcher, Haydn Mason, and Nicholas Cronk), five of these new to the Third Edition.
      • Seven critical essays—five of them new to this edition—representing a wide range of approaches to Candide. Contributors include J. G. Weightman, Robin Howells, James J. Lynch, Philip Stewart, Erich Auerbach, and Jean Starobinski.
      • A revised and expanded Selected Bibliography.
  • The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

    • Author: Max Weber
    • Year Written: 1904-05
    • Publisher: Routledge
    • ISBN: 9780415254069
    • Max Weber's best-known and most controversial work, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, first published in 1904, remains to this day a powerful and fascinating read. Weber's highly accessible style is just one of many reasons for his continuing popularity. The book contends that the Protestant ethic made possible and encouraged the development of capitalism in the West. Widely considered as the most informed work ever written on the social effects of advanced capitalism, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism holds its own as one of the most significant books of the twentieth century. The book is one of those rare works of scholarship which no informed citizen can afford to ignore.

  • Wittgenstein Blue Brown Books

    The Blue Book

    Ludwig Wittgenstein

    1933-34

    The Blue Book

    • Author: Ludwig Wittgenstein
    • Year Written: 1933-34
    • Publisher: Harper Collins
    • ISBN: 9780061312113
    • The Blue & Brown Books

      These works, as the sub-title makes clear, are unfinished sketches for Philosophical Investigations, possibly the most important and influential philosophical work of modern times. The 'Blue Book' is a set of notes dictated to Witgenstein's Cambridge students in 1933-1934: the 'Brown Book' was a draft for what eventually became the growth of the first part of Philosophical Investigations. This book reveals the germination and growth of the ideas which found their final expression in Wittgenstein's later work. It is indispensable therefore to students of Wittgenstein's thought and to all those who wish to study at first-hand the mental processes of a thinker who fundamentally changed the course of modern philosophy.

  • Woolf To The Lighthouse

    To the Lighthouse

    Virginia Woolf

    1927

    To the Lighthouse

    • Author: Virginia Woolf
    • Year Written: 1927
    • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company
    • ISBN: 9780156907392
    • "There were little daily miracles, illuminations, matches struck unexpectedly in the dark." To the Lighthouse is made up of three powerfully charged visions into the life of the Ramsay family living in a summer house off the rocky coast of Scotland. There's the serene and maternal Mrs. Ramsay, the tragic yet absurd Mr. Ramsay, their eight children, and assorted holiday guests. From the seemingly trivial postponement of a visit to a nearby lighthouse, Woolf examines tensions and allegiances and shows the small joys and quiet tragedies of everyday life that seemingly could go on forever. But as time winds its way through their lives, the Ramsays face, alone and together, the greatest of human challenges and its greatest triumph--the human capacity for change. A moving portrait in miniature of family life, To the Lighthouse also has profoundly universal implications, giving language to the silent space that separates people and the space that they transgress to reach each other. "Radiant as [To the Lighthouse] is in its beauty, there could never be a mistake about it: here is a novel to the last degree severe and uncompromising. I think that beyond being about the very nature of reality, it is itself a vision of reality."--Eudora Welty, from the Introduction

  • Woolf Room Of One S Own

    A Room of One's Own

    Virginia Woolf

    1929

    A Room of One's Own

    • Author: Virginia Woolf
    • Year Written: 1929
    • Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company
    • ISBN:
    • "I would venture to guess that Anon, who wrote so many poems without signing them, was often a woman." In A Room of One's Own, Virginia Woolf imagines that Shakespeare had a sister--a sister equal to Shakespeare in talent, and equal in genius, but whose legacy is radically different. This imaginary woman never writes a word and dies by her own hand, her genius unexpressed. If only she had found the means to create, argues Woolf, she would have reached the same heights as her immortal sibling. In this classic essay, Woolf takes on the establishment, using her gift of language to dissect the world around her and give voice to those who are without. Her message is a simple one: women must have a steady income and a room of their own in order to have the freedom to create. With a Foreword by Mary Gordon